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NKS Programme Area:NKS-B
Research Area:Emergency preparedness
Report Number:NKS-390
Report Title:COASTEX Scenario Report: nine maritime accident scenarios. Report no. 1 from the NKS-B COASTEX activity
Activity Acronym:COASTEX
Authors:Inger Margrethe H. Eikelmann, Anna Nalbandyan, Øyvind Gjølme Selnæs, Øyvind Aas-Hansen, Helmuth Zika, Michael Wallin, Kjartan Guðnason, Jeppe Vöge Jensen, Tone D. Bergan,
Abstract:There is a notable maritime traffic of nuclear-powered civilian vessels (icebreakers and cargo ships), nuclear-powered military vessels and maritime transports of spent nuclear fuel and other radioactive materials along the Nordic coastlines and in the Arctic. This traffic represents a risk for potential accidents and events resulting in radioactive contamination and spread of radioactive materials into the Nordic and Arctic marine and terrestrial environments. These kinds of events request a good preparedness, possibility for a direct cooperation between neighbouring countries as well as interaction, assistance and coordinated activities to manage the situation, including mitigation. In 2015, the NKS-B NORCOP-COAST project identified several needs for further improvement of maritime emergency preparedness and cooperation, including the need for definition of relevant scenarios with follow-up exercises in the Nordic countries. To address this issue, the NKS-B COASTEX project (Scenarios and table top exercise concept on events related to traffic of nuclear-powered vessels and transportation of spent nuclear fuel along the Nordic coastline) was initiated. This report is the first of the three reports of the NKS-B COASTEX project. It provides methodology and framework for scenario development as well as a scenario bank with the description of nine maritime scenarios for nuclear accidents related to the traffic of nuclear-powered vessels and transports of spent nuclear fuel, and other radioactive materials. The aim of the scenarios is to describe a variety of possible maritime accidents in order to raise focus on the most important challenges related to these accidents, and to provide a foundation for conducting exercises within this field. As appendices, separate factsheets are included with detailed source specifications for each scenario. For effective planning, it is suggested to read also the Report no. 2 – “COASTEX Exercise Guide”. The NKS-B COASTEX project implementation is summarised in the Report no. 3 – “Final report from the NKS-B project COASTEX”.
Keywords:Nordic coastline, the Arctic, maritime accident scenarios, nuclear emergencies, scenario elements, radioactive cargo, radioactive sources, nuclear icebreaker, nuclear-powered vessels, floating nuclear power plant, cross-border preparedness.
Publication date:16 May 2017
ISBN:ISBN 978-87-7893-476-5
Number of downloads:2297
Download:pdf NKS-390.pdf
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