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NKS Programme Area:NKS-R
Research Area:Thermal hydraulics
Report Number:NKS-284
Report Title:Validation of Effective Momentum and Heat Flux Models for Stratification and Mixing in a Water Pool
Activity Acronym:ENPOOL
Authors:Hua Li, Walter Villanueva, Pavel Kudinov,
Abstract:The pressure suppression pool is the most important feature of the pressure suppression system in a Boiling Water Reactor (BWR) that acts primarily as a passive heat sink during a loss of coolant accident (LOCA) or when the reactor is isolated from the main heat sink. The steam injection into the pool through the blowdown pipes can lead to short term dynamic phenomena and long term thermal transient in the pool. The development of thermal stratification or mixing in the pool is a transient phenomenon that can influence the pool’s pressure suppression capacity. Different condensation regimes depending on the pool’s bulk temperature and steam flow rates determine the onset of thermal stratification or erosion of stratified layers. Previously, we have proposed to model the effect of steam injection on the mixing and stratification with the Effective Heat Source (EHS) and the Effective Momentum Source (EMS) models. The EHS model is used to provide thermal effect of steam injection on the pool, preserving heat and mass balance. The EMS model is used to simulate momentum induced by steam injection in different flow regimes. The EMS model is based on the combination of (i) synthetic jet theory, which predicts effective momentum if amplitude and frequency of flow oscillations in the pipe are given, and (ii) model proposed by Aya and Nariai for prediction of the amplitude and frequency of oscillations at a given pool temperature and steam mass flux. The complete EHS/EMS models only require the steam mass flux, initial pool bulk temperature, and design-specific parameters, to predict thermal stratification and mixing in a pressure suppression pool. In this work we use EHS/EMS models implemented in containment thermal hydraulic code GOTHIC. The PPOOLEX experiments (Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland) are utilized to (a) quantify errors due to GOTHIC’s physical models and numerical schemes, (b) propose necessary improvements in GOTHIC sub-grid scale modeling, and (c) validate our proposed models. The data from PPOOLEX STR-06, STR-09 and STR-10 tests are used for validation of the EHS and EMS models in this work. We found that estimations of the amplitude and frequency based on available experimental data from PPOOLEX experiments STR-06, STR-09, and STR-10 have too large uncertainties due to poor space and time resolution of the temperature measurements in the blowdown pipe. Nevertheless, the results demonstrated that simulations with variable effective momentum which is selected within the experimental uncertainty have provided reasonable agreement with test data on transient temperature distribution in the pool. In order to reduce uncertainty in both experimental data and EHS/EMS modeling, additional tests and modifications to the experimental procedures and measurements system in the PPOOLEX facility were proposed. Pre-test simulations were performed to aid in determining experimental conditions and procedures. Then, a new series of PPOOLEX experimental tests were carried out. A validation of EHS/EMS models against MIX-01 test is presented in this report. The results show that the clearing phase predicted with 3D drywell can match the experiment very well. The thermal stratification and mixing in MIX-01 is also well predicted in the simulation.
Keywords:BWR pressure suppression pool, thermal stratification, mixing, effective models, GOTHIC
Publication date:24 Jun 2013
ISBN:ISBN 978-87-7893-359-1
Number of downloads:2454
Download:pdf NKS-284.pdf
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