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NKS Programme Area:NKS-B
Research Area:Emergency preparedness
Report Number:NKS-28
Report Title:Radiological Emergency Monitoring Systems in the Nordic and Baltic Sea Countries
Activity Acronym:BOK-1
Authors:Bent Lauritzen, Lennart Devell
Abstract:This report describes the national systems for emergency monitoring of radioactivity in the five Nordic countries, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden as well as in the six Baltic Sea countries, Estonia, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland and the Russian Federation. Similarities and differences regarding strategy and equipment are shown briefly. The main feature for early warning is the national network of automatic gamma monitoring stations. This network is supplemented by manual stations and/or survey teams, often measuring at predetermined locations. Air filter stations are used for nuclide analyses of particles and gases. Dose rate maps and fallout maps of ground deposited nuclides, e.g., cesium-137, are produced based on data from airborne measurements, monitoring stations, survey teams and environmental samples. Most countries describe programs for checking food contamination. Whole body counting and organ measurements are used to determine internal contamination. External contamination of people, vehicles, goods etc is checked with survey meters and other equipment at checkpoints or as needed. Field measurements of various kinds complete the national systems. Possible future development and planned improvement are discussed. This report is an extension and update of a previous NKS report covering the Nordic countries.
Publication date:01 Febr 2001
ISBN:ISBN: 87-7893-079-0
Number of downloads:2301
Download:pdf NKS-28.pdf
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