Main Features of Kola, Leningrad and Ignalina NPPs for Emergency Preparedness Purposes
Of the nuclear power plants situated in the Nordic and their neighbouring countries, the Ingalina, Leningrad and Kola plants are considered to pose the largest risks to the public. The purpose of this report is to provide basic relevant information about these three plants for use in a case of a major nuclear accident or incident in any of them. The report could be used e.g. by authorities dealing with the resulting emergency measures to provide the public and the media with relevant information about the plant in question. The report can also be used for quick general familiarization with the plants in question. The total activity inventories for all the plants are listed at the end of the report, in
Chapter 4. The release of noble gases in close to 100% in most severe accidents, but the releases of other elements depend strongly on the plant features and the nature of the accident. This report has been compiled from several sources. The main source has been an earlier NKS-report: “Design and Safety Features of Nuclear Reactors
Neighbouring the Nordic Countries”, TemaNord 1994:595, 1994. Only limited editing has been done. Sources of the figures are presented in parenthesis after the figure titles.