The human component in the safety of complex systems
The safety of nuclear power and other complex processes
requires that human actions are carried though on time and
without error. Investigations indicate that human errors
are the main, or an important contributing cause in more
than half of the incidents which occur. This makes it
important to try understand the mechanisms behind the
human errors and to invest i gate possibilities for
decreasing their likelihood .
The present report presents an overview of. the Nordic
cooperation in the field of human factors in nuclear
safety, under the LIT-programme carried out 1981 - 1985.
The work was divided into six different projects in the
following fields :
human reliability in test and maintenance work,
safety oriented organizations and company
design of information and control systems,
new approaches for information presentation,
experimental validation of man-machine
planning and evaluation of operator training.
The research topics were selected from the findings of an
earlier phase of the Nordic cooperation /1/. The results
are described in more detail in separate reports. A
summary of the LIT programme is presented in /2/.